Introduction to Deviance, Crime, and Social Control
An Overview of the System
Research Methods & Theories of Behavior/Punishment
Justice and the Law
Courts - Structure and Processes
2.3 The Court System
3.6 Excessive Punishment
Section 2.5: Theories of Punishment
Section 5.5: Sentencing
Quizzes and Assessments
Criminal Law uses a two-step process to augment learning, called the applied approach. First, after building a strong foundation from scratch, Criminal Law introduces you to crimes and defenses that have been broken down into separate components. It is so much easier to memorize and comprehend the subject matter when it is simplified this way. However, becoming proficient in the law takes more than just memorization. You must be trained to take the laws you have studied and apply them to various fact patterns. Most students are expected to do this automatically, but application must be seen, experienced, and practiced before it comes naturally. Thus the second step of the applied approach is reviewing examples of the application of law to facts after dissecting and analyzing each legal concept. Some of the examples come from cases, and some are purely fictional. All the examples are memorable, even quirky, so they will stick in your mind and be available when you need them the most (like during an exam). After a few chapters, you will notice that you no longer obsess over an explanation that doesn’t completely make sense the first time you read it—you will just skip to the example. The examples clarify the principles for you, lightening the workload significantly.
This is an OER Criminology / Deviance course. This course was developed using LOUIS Funding to support CRMJ 1340: Deviance (Criminology) to be taught at Northshore Technical Community College for the Fall 2019. Inside this module, educators can find 9 units of content, including PowerPoints, quizzes, assignments and the Canvas Course Cartridge. The link to the course on Canvas Commons is included here. All resources in this course are licensed under the (CC-BY) license, unless otherwise stated.
The basis for the development of this guidebook came about after a publisher had discontinued a text I had been using for a number of years in my patrol operations course. The text Police Officer’s Response Guide to Crimes/Incidents in Progress: by Nate Tanguay was designed for field patrol officers to have a reference book they could use in the field to assist then while on calls. Over the years I have had my students use this text and put in updated response concepts for call for service, as well as, specific state laws, paperwork requirements and other required duties for specific calls. With the discontinuation of the text, I made the determination to create my own guidebook with the updated response concepts that are being taught in law enforcement and reclassifying each call for service under the new National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS) that the FBI will be implementing by 2021.
Explore how your own mind works, and discover how the limitations of the human brain can lead to major miscarriages of justice.
Despite advances in forensic science, eyewitness testimony remains a critical component of criminal investigations. Psychological research has revealed the dangers of relying on evidence gained from an eyewitness and also how careful the police need to be when questioning witnesses (Source: OpenLearn, The Open University's website).
This text provides edited and abridged cases that are intended to be easy to read and provide lower division students with a gentle introduction to key legal concepts that define the workings of our criminal justice system.
Table of Contents
The following cases are heavily edited and abridged. The idea is to make them more readable. As such, they should not be relied upon as binding authority.
Part I: Safeguards
Barron v. Baltimore (1833)
Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
Powell v. Alabama (1932)
Part II: Police
Terry v. Ohio (1968)
Chimel v. California (1969)
United States v. Drayton (2002)
Caroll v. United States (1925)
Maryland v. Wilson (1997)
Warden v. Hayden (1967)
Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
New York v. Quarles (1984)
Weeks v. United States (1914)
Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
United States v. Leon (1984)
Nix v. Williams (1984)
Tennessee v. Garner (1985)
Monell v. Department of Social Services (1978)
Part III: Courts and Sentencing
United States v. Salerno (1987)
Blackledge v. Allison (1977)
Santobello v. New York (1971)
Boykin v. Alabama (1969)
North Carolina v. Alford (1970)
Ricketts v. Adamson (1987)
Bordenkircher v. Hayes (1978)
Williams v. Florida (1970)
Batson v. Kentucky (1986)
Furman v. Georgia (1972)
Gregg v. Georgia (1976)
McCleskey v. Kemp (1987)
Atkins v. Virginia (2002)
Blakely v. Washington (2004)
District Attorney’s Office v. Osborne (2009)
Part IV: Corrections
Hudson v. Palmer (1984)
Wolf v. McDonnell (1974)
Mempa v. Rhay (1967)
Morrissey v. Brewer (1972)
Gagnon v. Scarpelli (1973)
Part V: Juvenile Justice
Breed v. Jones (1975)
In Re Gault (1967)
In Re Winship (1970)
McKeiver v. Pennsylvania (1971)
Schall v. Martin (1984)
Introduction to Criminal Investigation, Processes, Practices, and Thinking, as the title suggests, is a teaching text describing and segmenting criminal investigations into its component parts to illustrate the craft of criminal investigation. Delineating criminal investigation within the components of task-skills and thinking-skills, this book describes task-skills such incident response, crime scene management, evidence management, witness management, and forensic analysis, as essential foundations supporting the critical thinking-skills of offence validation and theory development for the creation of effective investigative plans aimed at forming reasonable grounds for belief. The goal of the text is to assist the reader in forming their own structured mental map of investigative thinking practices.
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Some Important Basic Concepts
Chapter 3: What You Need To Know About Evidence
Chapter 4: The Process of Investigation
Chapter 5: Strategic Investigative Response
Chapter 6: Applying the Investigative Tools
Chapter 7: Witness Management
Chapter 8: Crime Scene Management
Chapter 9: Interviewing, Questioning, and Interrogation
Chapter 10: Forensic Sciences
Chapter 11: Summary
This course provides an overview of the history and present-day operation of the criminal justice process in the United States. Students analyze the role, responsibility and authority of each of the components of the system: police, courts, corrections and rehabilitation. They will also explore and examine the underlying principles and values of justice.
These supplemental materials are meant to act as a companion to https://open.umn.edu/opentextbooks/textbooks/criminal-law. The materials include PowerPoints, open-book quizzes, guided notes for students, and reviews for the midterm and final exam. Both the midterm and final exam are available upon request (along with answer keys for quizzes and guided student notes).
This introductory textbook is unique because it was a collaborative effort by all Criminology and Criminal Justice professors at Southern Oregon University (SOU) in Ashland, Oregon. This book can be used on a quarter or semester system, as well as cover topics that may get left out of some introductory texts such as controversial issues in the criminal justice system. Further, we made it as comprehensive as possible to cover core concepts and areas in the criminal justice system including theory, policing, courts, corrections, and the juvenile justice system. Additionally, we created examples that will help make difficult concepts or ideas more relatable. Every section provides an overview of key terms, critical thinking questions for course engagement, assignments, and other ancillaries such as multimedia links, images, activity ideas, and more.
Reviews available here: https://open.umn.edu/opentextbooks/textbooks/introduction-to-the-american-criminal-justice-system
Overview: This police training course focuses the following: police administrative report; police crime report; police intelligence report; police situational report; aims and objectives of police; community and democratic policing; insignia of the police; aims and objectives of police service; police training; criminal procedure.
This seminar is part of a digital course Trends in the Governance of Security introduced by Clifford Shearing which focuses on civic or popular policing John Cartwright focuses on a particular case of civic policing called the Zwelethemba model where local communities are involved in peacekeeping in the area of Zwelethemba near Cape Town This model of policing is a method of governing security at the local level which is informed by and mobilizes local capacity and knowledgeLearning across Borders LABS is an initiative to foster sustainable teaching and research in Africa is the outreach arm of the Centre of Criminology at the University of Cape Town Trends in the Governance of Security is the first of a series of digital courses which aim is to support and enhance the the quality of teaching on security and justice within African tertiary learning institutions The aim is to develop and share digital materials that will bring key scholars in Africa and the world directly into African classrooms Through the development of these courses it is intended to provide support to African learning institutions engaged in capacity development for scholars policy analysts and practitionersFunding for the Project was received from the South African National Research Foundation NRF Chair of Security and Justicea South Africa Research Chairs Initiative of the Department of Science and Technology and the NRF hosted by the Law Faculty UCT as well as the Centre of Educational Technology at the University of Cape Town
ADMJUS-110 - Administration of Justice: Principles and Procedures
Upon completion of course, the successful student will be able to:
Compare and contrast the historical and contemporary sources of
Distinguish between state and Federal court
Compare and contrast legal means of stopping, searching and arresting a
Compare and contrast arraignment, preliminary hearings, and trial procedures, including how the 6th, 8th and 14th Amendments relate to those procedures.
Analyze how the history and application of the exclusionary rule have shaped criminal procedure.
Differentiate each of the steps of the trial
This seminar looks at key issues in the historical development and current state of modern American criminal justice, with an emphasis on its relationship to citizenship, nationhood, and race/ethnicity. We begin with a range of perspectives on the rise of what is often called "mass incarceration": how did our current system of criminal punishment take shape, and what role did race play in that process? Part Two takes up a series of case studies, including racial disparities in the administration of the death penalty, enforcement of the drug laws, and the regulation of police investigations. The third and final part of the seminar looks at national security policing: the development of a constitutional law governing the intersection of ethnicity, religion, and counter-terrorism, and the impact of counter-terrorism policy on domestic police practices.
This assignment is designed to engage students with the material for a Criminology/Deviance course. This assignment educates students on the difference between what is a crime, what is deviance, and what is both.
This PowerPoint is designed to engage and educate students with the material for a Criminology/Deviance course. This PowerPoint educates students on an introduction to the Criminology discipline.
15 question multiple-choice quiz, for Unit 1 - Understanding Criminology and Deviance. This quiz applies to the introduction of the course.
This assignment is designed to engage students with the material for a Criminology/Deviance course. This assignment educates students on how to use the Uniform Crime Report to find crime data.
This PowerPoint is designed to engage and educate students with the material for a Criminology/Deviance course. This PowerPoint educates students on theory and criminological research.