Modelling is about understanding the nature: our world, ourselves and our work. …

Modelling is about understanding the nature: our world, ourselves and our work. Everything that we observe has a cause (typically several) and has the effect thereof. The heart of modelling lies in identifying, understanding and quantifying these cause-and-effect relationships.

A model can be treated as a (selective) representation of a system. We create the model by defining a mapping from the system space to the model space, thus we can map system state and behaviour to model state and behaviour. By defining the inverse mapping, we may map results from the study of the model back to the system. In this course, using an overarching modelling paradigm, students will become familiar with several instances of modelling, e.g., mechanics, thermal dynamics, fluid mechanics, etc.

The course describes in a simple and practical way what non-equilibrium thermodynamics …

The course describes in a simple and practical way what non-equilibrium thermodynamics is and how it can contribute to engineering fields. It explains how to derive proper equations of transport from the second law of thermodynamics or the entropy production. The obtained equations are frequently more precise than used so far, and can be used to understand the waste of energy resources in central process units in the industry. The entropy balance is used to define the energy efficiency in energy conversion and create consistent thermodynamic models. It also provides a systematic method for minimizing energy losses that are connected with transport of heat, mass, charge and momentum. The entropy balance examines operation at the state of minimum entropy production and is used to propose some rules of design for energy efficient operation. For this course some knowledge of engineering thermodynamics is a prerequisite. The first and second law of thermodynamics and terms as entropy should be known before starting this course.

Basics of general relativity, standard big bang cosmology, thermodynamics of the early …

Basics of general relativity, standard big bang cosmology, thermodynamics of the early universe, cosmic background radiation, primordial nucleosynthesis, basics of the standard model of particle physics, electroweak and QCD phase transition, basics of group theory, grand unified theories, baryon asymmetry, monopoles, cosmic strings, domain walls, axions, inflationary universe, and structure formation.

In this course, you will learn about phase relations as applied to …

In this course, you will learn about phase relations as applied to oil and/or gas reservoir processes, enhanced oil recovery, gas pipeline transportation, natural gas processing and liquefaction, and other problems in petroleum production. The primary objective of the course is to apply the thermodynamics of phase equilibrium to the framework for phase behavior modeling of petroleum fluids. The focus of the course will be on equilibrium thermodynamics and its relevance to phase behavior predictions and phase equilibrium data description. We will attempt to apply phase behavior principles to petroleum production processes of practical interest, especially natural gas condensate systems.

Physical chemistry is the study of the underlying physical principles that govern …

Physical chemistry is the study of the underlying physical principles that govern the properties and behaviour of chemical systems. The knowledge of these principles is important and provide a framework for all branches of chemistry, whether we are synthesizing compounds in a research laboratory, manufacturing chemicals on an industrial scale or trying to understand the intricate biological processes in the cell. This module is intended to broaden your understanding of physical principles in chemistry. It deals with three main areas: thermodynamics, thermo chemistry and chemical kinetics. Studying thermodynamics enables the chemist to predict whether or not a reaction will occur when reactants are brought together under a specific set of conditions. Indeed industrial chemists often place more emphasis on speeding up the rate of a reaction than on its percentage yield. Organic chemists use kinetic studies to determine the mechanisms of reactions and to tell how fast products will be formed.

In this course, the student will learn about the three laws of …

In this course, the student will learn about the three laws of thermodynamics, thermodynamic principles, ideal and real gases, phases of matter, equations of state, and state changes. The student will also take a look at chemical kinetics--a branch of study concerned with the rates of reactions and other processes--as well as kinetic molecular theory and statistical mechanics, which relate the atomic-level motion of a large number of particles to the average thermodynamic behavior of the system as a whole. Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to: State and use laws of thermodynamics; Perform calculations with ideal and real gases; Design practical engines by using thermodynamic cycles; Predict chemical equilibrium and spontaneity of reactions by using thermodynamic principles; Describe the thermodynamic properties of ideal and real solutions; Define the phases of matter, describe phase changes, and interpret/construct phase diagrams; Relate macroscopic thermodynamic properties to microscopic states by using the principles of statistical thermodynamics; Describe reaction rates and then do calculations to determine them; Relate reaction kinetics to potential reaction mechanism; Calculate the temperature dependence of rate constants and relate that to activation energy; Describe a variety of complex reactions; Describe catalysis; Describe enzymatic catalysis. (Chemistry 105)

This is a course for non-science majors that is a survey of …

This is a course for non-science majors that is a survey of the central concepts in physics relating everyday experiences with the principles and laws in physics on a conceptual level. Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to: Describe basic principles of motion and state the law of inertia; Predict the motion of an object by applying Newtonęs laws when given the mass, a force, the characteristics of motion and a duration of time; Summarize the law of conservation of energy and explain its importance as the fundamental principle of energy as a law of nature; Explain the use of the principle of Energy conservation when applied to simple energy transformation systems; Define the Conservation of Energy Law as the 1st Law of Thermodynamics and State 2nd Law of Thermodynamics in 3 ways; Outline the limitations and risks associated with current societal energy practices,and explore options for changes in energy policy for the next century and beyond; Describe physical aspects of waves and wave motion; and explain the production of electromagnetic waves, and distinguish between the different parts of the electromagnetic spectrum.

" This course presents the mechanical, optical, and transport properties of polymers …

" This course presents the mechanical, optical, and transport properties of polymers with respect to the underlying physics and physical chemistry of polymers in melt, solution, and solid state. Topics include conformation and molecular dimensions of polymer chains in solutions, melts, blends, and block copolymers; an examination of the structure of glassy, crystalline, and rubbery elastic states of polymers; thermodynamics of polymer solutions, blends, crystallization; liquid crystallinity, microphase separation, and self-assembled organic-inorganic nanocomposites. Case studies include relationships between structure and function in technologically important polymeric systems."

"This course provides an introduction to the chemistry of biological, inorganic, and …

"This course provides an introduction to the chemistry of biological, inorganic, and organic molecules.ĺĘTheĺĘemphasis isĺĘon basic principles of atomic and molecular electronic structure, thermodynamics, acid-base and redox equilibria, chemical kinetics, and catalysis. In an effort to illuminate connections between chemistry and biology, a list of the biology-, medicine-, and MIT research-related examples used in 5.111 is provided in Biology-Related Examples. Acknowledgements Development and implementation of the biology-related materials in this course were funded through an HHMI Professors grant to Prof. Catherine L. Drennan."

" This course introduces the students to dynamics of large-scale circulations in …

" This course introduces the students to dynamics of large-scale circulations in oceans and atmospheres. Basic concepts include mass and momentum conservation, hydrostatic and geostrophic balance, and pressure and other vertical coordinates. It covers the topics of fundamental conservation and balance principles for large-scale flow, generation and dissipation of quasi-balanced eddies, as well as equilibrated quasi-balanced systems. Examples of oceanic and atmospheric quasi-balanced flows, computational models, and rotating tank experiments can be found in the accompaniment laboratory course 12.804, Large-scale Flow Dynamics Lab."

Statistical Mechanics is a probabilistic approach to equilibrium properties of large numbers …

Statistical Mechanics is a probabilistic approach to equilibrium properties of large numbers of degrees of freedom. In this two-semester course, basic principles are examined. Topics include: thermodynamics, probability theory, kinetic theory, classical statistical mechanics, interacting systems, quantum statistical mechanics, and identical particles.

This course discusses the principles and methods of statistical mechanics. Topics covered …

This course discusses the principles and methods of statistical mechanics. Topics covered include classical and quantum statistics, grand ensembles, fluctuations, molecular distribution functions, other concepts in equilibrium statistical mechanics, and topics in thermodynamics and statistical mechanics of irreversible processes.

This course is taught in four main parts. The first is a …

This course is taught in four main parts. The first is a review of fundamental thermodynamic concepts (e.g. energy exchange in propulsion and power processes), and is followed by the second law (e.g. reversibility and irreversibility, lost work). Next are applications of thermodynamics to engineering systems (e.g. propulsion and power cycles, thermo chemistry), and the course concludes with fundamentals of heat transfer (e.g. heat exchange in aerospace devices)

This course deals with the transfer of work, energy, and material via …

This course deals with the transfer of work, energy, and material via gases and liquids. These fluids may undergo changes in temperature, pressure, density, and chemical composition during the transfer process and may act on or be acted on by external systems. Engineers must fully understand these processes in order to analyze, troubleshoot, or improve existing processes and/or innovate and design new ones. Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to: Interpret and use scientific notation and engineering units for the description of fluid flow and energy transfer; Interpret measurements of thermodynamic quantities for description of fluid flow and energy transfer; Use concepts of continuum fluid dynamics to interpret physical situations; Determine the interrelationship of variables in pumping and piping operations; Analyze heat-exchanger performance and understand design considerations; Apply thermodynamics to the analysis of energy conversion and cooling/heating situations; Communicate technical information in written and graphical form. (Mechanical Engineering 303)

Doelstelling van dit college is een introductie te geven in de theorie …

Doelstelling van dit college is een introductie te geven in de theorie van de Thermodynamica, een van de fundamentele werktuigbouwkunde vakken. De Thermodynamica behandelt energie vraagstukken en relaties tussen de eigenschappen van materialen. In dit college wordt voor een ingenieurs aanpak van de Thermodynamica gekozen: onderwerp van studie zijn systemen en hun interactie met de omgeving. Naast gesloten systemen krijgen open systemen veel aandacht. Thermodynamica wordt, in combinatie met stromingsleer en warmte- en stofoverdracht, ingezet om bijvoorbeeld automotoren, turbines, compressoren, pompen, elektriciteit opwekkinginstallaties, cryogenische-, koel- en klimaat-installaties en duurzame energieconversie installaties te analyseren en ontwerpen. De beginselen van de Thermodynamica maken het mogelijk om de ontwerpen van energie gerelateerde werktuigbouwkundige apparaten en systemen te optimaliseren voor het betreffende doel.

De thermodynamische relaties voor compressibele stoffen en de fasendiagrammen voor pure stoffen …

De thermodynamische relaties voor compressibele stoffen en de fasendiagrammen voor pure stoffen worden behandeld. Enkele voorbeelden van toestandsvergelijkingen worden behandeld (de viriaal vergelijking, vergelijkingen met twee constanten en vergelijkingen met meerdere constanten). De grootheden Helmholtz energie en Gibbs energie worden geintroduceerd. De Gibbs vergelijking is de basis om tot een beschrijving van evenwichten (van mengsels) te komen. De condities van evenwicht van pure componenten en van mengsels wordt afgeleidt. Uitgaande van de totale differentialen worden partiele afgeleide uit gedrukt in termen van thermodynamische grootheiden. Voor de berekening van processen, zo als compressie, expansie enz worden uitdrukkingen afgeleid voor delta h, delta s en delta u (waarbij delta voor de deviatie="departure" van ideaal gas gedrag staat). Het wordt getoond hoe deze uitdrukkingen (of dimensieloze diagrammen van deze grootheden) voor de berekening van processen gebruikt kunnen worden. Ook wordt de grootheid exergie gepresenteerd, een grootheid die gebaseerd is op de tweede hoofdwet van de thermodynamica, tezamen met enkele nuttige grootheden en hulpmiddelen voor het uitvoeren van exergie analyses (exergie verlies, exergie rendementen, waardediagram). In dit college wordt de definitie van exergie beperkt tot de thermo-mechanische exergie. Het principe van het stoomturbine kringproces wordt getoond en mogelijkheden voor de optimalisatie van dit kringproces worden besproken, zoals de keuze van stoomdruk en -temperatuur en de toepassing van stoomoververhitting en -herverhitting.

Thermodynamics is the study of energy and its transfers though work. This …

Thermodynamics is the study of energy and its transfers though work. This course will focus on the fundamentals of thermodynamics, including the First and Second Laws, thermodynamic properties, ideal gases, and equations of state. Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to: Identify and use units and notations in thermodynamics; State and illustrate the first and second laws of thermodynamics; Identify and explain the concepts of entropy, enthalpy, specific energy, reversibility, and irreversibility; Apply the first and second laws of thermodynamics to formulate and solve engineering problems for (i) closed systems, (ii) open systems under steady-state and transient conditions, and (iii) power cycles; Use thermodynamic tables, charts, and equation of state (e.g. the ideal gas law) to obtain appropriate property data to solve thermodynamics problems. (Mechanical Engineering 103)

This subject deals primarily with equilibrium properties of macroscopic systems, basic thermodynamics, …

This subject deals primarily with equilibrium properties of macroscopic systems, basic thermodynamics, chemical equilibrium of reactions in gas and solution phase, and rates of chemical reactions.

Thermodynamics and Chemistry is designed primarily as a textbook for a one-semester …

Thermodynamics and Chemistry is designed primarily as a textbook for a one-semester course in classical chemical thermodynamics at the graduate or undergraduate level. It can also serve as a supplementary text and thermodynamics reference source.

Table of Contents 1 Introduction 2 Systems and Their Properties 3 The First Law 4 The Second Law 5 Thermodynamic Potentials 6 The Third Law and Cryogenics 7 Pure Substances in Single Phases 8 Phase Transitions and Equilibria of Pure Substances 9 Mixtures 10 Electrolyte Solutions 11 Reactions and Other Chemical Processes 12 Equilibrium Conditions in Multicomponent Systems 13 The Phase Rule and Phase Diagrams 14 Galvanic Cells

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