This Freshman Advising Seminar surveys the many applications of magnets and magnetism. …

This Freshman Advising Seminar surveys the many applications of magnets and magnetism. To the Chinese and Greeks of ancient times, the attractive and repulsive forces between magnets must have seemed magical indeed. Through the ages, miraculous curative powers have been attributed to magnets, and magnets have been used by illusionists to produce "magical" effects. Magnets guided ships in the Age of Exploration and generated the electrical industry in the 19th century. Today they store information and entertainment on disks and tapes, and produce sound in speakers, images on TV screens, rotation in motors, and levitation in high-speed trains. Students visit various MIT projects related to magnets (including superconducting electromagnets) and read about and discuss the history, legends, pseudoscience, science, and technology of types of magnets, including applications in medicine. Several short written reports and at least one oral presentation will be required of each participant.

This book treats optics at the level of students in the later …

This book treats optics at the level of students in the later stage of their bachelor or the beginning of their master. It is assumed that the student is familiar with Maxwell’s equations. Although the book takes account of the fact that optics is part of electromagnetism, special emphasis is put on the usefulness of approximate models of optics, their hierarchy and limits of validity. Approximate models such as geometrical optics and paraxial geometrical optics are treated extensively and applied to image formation by the human eye, the microscope and the telescope.

Table of Contents 1 Basic Electromagnetic and Wave Optics 2. Geometrical Optics 3. Optical Instruments 4. Polarisation 5. Interference and coherence 6. Scalar diffraction optics 7. Lasers

Fluid mechanics deals with the study of all fluids under static and …

Fluid mechanics deals with the study of all fluids under static and dynamic situations. Fluid mechanics is a branch of continuous mechanics which deals with a relationship between forces, motions, and statical conditions in a continuous material. This study area deals with many and diversified problems such as surface tension, fluid statics, flow in enclose bodies, or flow round bodies (solid or otherwise), flow stability, etc. In fact, almost any action a person is doing involves some kind of a fluid mechanics problem. Furthermore, the boundary between the solid mechanics and fluid mechanics is some kind of gray shed and not a sharp distinction (see Figure 1.1 for the complex relationships between the different branches which only part of it should be drawn in the same time.). For example, glass appears as a solid material, but a closer look reveals that the glass is a liquid with a large viscosity. A proof of the glass ``liquidity'' is the change of the glass thickness in high windows in European Churches after hundred years. The bottom part of the glass is thicker than the top part. Materials like sand (some call it quick sand) and grains should be treated as liquids. It is known that these materials have the ability to drown people. Even material such as aluminum just below the mushy zone also behaves as a liquid similarly to butter. Furthermore, material particles that "behaves'' as solid mixed with liquid creates a mixture After it was established that the boundaries of fluid mechanics aren't sharp, most of the discussion in this book is limited to simple and (mostly) Newtonian (sometimes power fluids) fluids which will be defined later.

This book describes the fundamentals fluid mechanics phenomena for engineers and others. It is designed to replace all introductory textbook(s) or instructor's notes for the fluid mechanics in undergraduate classes for engineering/science students but also for technical peoples. It is hoped that the book could be used as a reference book for people who have at least some basics knowledge of science areas such as calculus, physics, etc.

In 2008, the Beijing Urban Design Studio will focus on the issue …

In 2008, the Beijing Urban Design Studio will focus on the issue of Beijing's urban transformation under the theme of de-industrialization, by preparing an urban design and development plan for the Shougang (Capital Steel Factory) site. This studio will address whether portions of the old massive factory infrastructure can be preserved as a national industrial heritage site embedded into future new development; how to balance the cultural and recreational value of the site with environmental challenges; as well as how to use the site for urban development. A special focus of the studio will be to consider development approaches that minimize energy utilization. To research these questions, students will be asked to interact with clients from the factory, local residents, city officials and experts on transportation, environment, energy and real estate. They will assess strategic options for the steel factory and propose comprehensive plans for the design and development of the brownfield site.

Explore bending of light between two media with different indices of refraction. …

Explore bending of light between two media with different indices of refraction. See how changing from air to water to glass changes the bending angle. Play with prisms of different shapes and make rainbows.

" This course is offered for graduate students who are interested in …

" This course is offered for graduate students who are interested in the interdisciplinary study of bio-inspired structures. The intent is to introduce students to newly inspired modern advanced structures and their applications. It aims to link traditional advanced composites to bio-inspired structures and to discuss their generic properties. A link between materials design, strength and structural behavior at different levels (material, element, structural and system levels) is made. For each level, various concepts will be introduced. The importance of structural, dynamic, thermodynamic and kinetic theories related to such processing is highlighted. The pedagogy is based on active learning and a balance of guest lectures and hands-on activities."

Body Physics was designed to meet the objectives of a one-term high …

Body Physics was designed to meet the objectives of a one-term high school or freshman level course in physical science, typically designed to provide non-science majors and undeclared students with exposure to the most basic principles in physics while fulfilling a science-with-lab core requirement. The content level is aimed at students taking their first college science course, whether or not they are planning to major in science. However, with minor supplementation by other resources, such as OpenStax College Physics, this textbook could easily be used as the primary resource in 200-level introductory courses. Chapters that may be more appropriate for physics courses than for general science courses are noted with an asterisk symbol (*). Of course, this textbook could be used to supplement other primary resources in any physics course covering mechanics and thermodynamics.

Table of Contents Unit 1: Purpose and Preparation Unit 2: Measuring the Body Unit 3: Error in Body Composition Measurement Unit 4: Better Body Composition Measurement Unit 5: Maintaining Balance Unit 6: Forces within the Body Unit 7: Strength and Elasticity of the Body Unit 8: Skydiving Unit 9: Injury and Injury Prevention Unit 10: Body Energy Unit 11: Body Heat and The Fight for Life

This laboratory activity gives an example of the creativity required when teaching …

This laboratory activity gives an example of the creativity required when teaching non-native rock types. In order to study igneous and metamorphic rocks in central Florida (a huge area consisting solely of sedimentary rock), geology students examined building stones in downtown St. Petersburg. Each student picked a particular rock type used in a particular way (structure, decorative facade, etc.), performed geologic tests on it, read up on its properties, history, and uses, and prepared a paper on it. Part of the way through the project, the entire class held a walking tour, during which each students' building (and its stones) were visited, and the student studying that type of stone told the class what they had found out about it. Building on this context of use, this website describes learning goals, teaching notes and materials, methods of assessment, and additional reference and resource links for this field lab.

Calculus-Based Physics is an introductory physics textbook designed for use in the …

Calculus-Based Physics is an introductory physics textbook designed for use in the two-semester introductory physics course typically taken by science and engineering students.

Table of Contents 1 Mathematical Prelude 2 Conservation of Mechanical Energy I: Kinetic Energy & Gravitational Potential Energy 3 Conservation of Mechanical Energy II: Springs, Rotational Kinetic Energy 4 Conservation of Momentum 5 Conservation of Angular Momentum 6 One-Dimensional Motion (Motion Along a Line): Definitions and Mathematics 7 One-Dimensional Motion: The Constant Acceleration Equations 8 One-Dimensional Motion: Collision Type II 9 One-Dimensional Motion Graphs 10 Constant Acceleration Problems in Two Dimensions 11 Relative Velocity 12 Gravitational Force Near the Surface of the Earth, First Brush with Newton's 2nd Law 13 Freefall, a.k.a. Projectile Motion 14 Newton's Laws #1: Using Free Body Diagrams 15 Newton's Laws #2: Kinds of Forces, Creating Free Body Diagrams 16 Newton's Laws #3: Components, Friction, Ramps, Pulleys, and Strings 17 The Universal Law of Gravitation 18 Circular Motion: Centripetal Acceleration 19 Rotational Motion Variables, Tangential Acceleration, Constant Angular Acceleration 20 Torque & Circular Motion 21 Vectors: The Cross Product & Torque 22 Center of Mass, Moment of Inertia 23 Statics 24 Work and Energy 25 Potential Energy, Conservation of Energy, Power 26 Impulse and Momentum 27 Oscillations: Introduction, Mass on a Spring 28 Oscillations: The Simple Pendulum, Energy in Simple Harmonic Motion 29 Waves: Characteristics, Types, Energy 30 Wave Function, Interference, Standing Waves 31 Strings, Air Columns 32 Beats, The Doppler Effect 33 Fluids: Pressure, Density, Archimedes' Principle 34 Pascal's Principle, the Continuity Equation, and Bernoulli's Principle 35 Temperature, Internal Energy, Heat, and Specific Heat Capacity 36 Heat: Phase Changes 37 The First Law of Thermodynamics

Reviews available here: https://open.umn.edu/opentextbooks/textbooks/calculus-based-physics-i

Calculus-Based Physics is an introductory physics textbook designed for use in the …

Calculus-Based Physics is an introductory physics textbook designed for use in the two-semester introductory physics course typically taken by science and engineering students.

Table of Contents 1 Charge & Coulomb's Law 2 The Electric Field: Description and Effect 3 The Electric Field Due to one or more Point Charges 4 Conductors and the Electric Field 5 Work Done by the Electric Field, and, the Electric Potential 6 The Electric Potential Due to One or More Point Charges 7 Equipotential Surfaces, Conductors, and Voltage 8 Capacitors, Dielectrics, and Energy in Capacitors 9 Electric Current, EMF, Ohm's Law 10 Resistors in Series and Parallel; Measuring I & V 11 Resistivity, Power 12 Kirchhoff's Rules, Terminal Voltage 13 RC Circuits 14 Capacitors in Series & Parallel 15 Magnetic Field Intro: Effects 16 Magnetic Field: More Effects 17 Magnetic Field: Causes 18 Faraday's Law, Lenz's Law 19 Induction, Transformers, and Generators 20 Faraday's Law and Maxwell's Extension to Ampere's Law 21 The Nature of Electromagnetic Waves 22 Huygens's Principle and 2-Slit Interference 23 Single-Slit Diffraction 24 Thin Film Interference 25 Polarization 26 Geometric Optics, Reflection 27 Refraction, Dispersion, Internal Reflection 28 Thin Lenses: Ray Tracing 29 Thin Lenses: Lens Equation, Optical Power 30 The Electric Field Due to a Continuous Distribution of Charge on a Line 31 The Electric Potential due to a Continuous Charge Distribution 32 Calculating the Electric Field from the Electric Potential 33 Gauss's Law 34 Gauss's Law Example 35 Gauss's Law for the Magnetic Field, and, Ampere's Law Revisited 36 The Biot-Savart Law 37 Maxwell's Equations

" We will study the fundamental principles of classical mechanics, with a …

" We will study the fundamental principles of classical mechanics, with a modern emphasis on the qualitative structure of phase space. We will use computational ideas to formulate the principles of mechanics precisely. Expression in a computational framework encourages clear thinking and active exploration. We will consider the following topics: the Lagrangian formulation; action, variational principles, and equations of motion; Hamilton's principle; conserved quantities; rigid bodies and tops; Hamiltonian formulation and canonical equations; surfaces of section; chaos; canonical transformations and generating functions; Liouville's theorem and PoincarĚŠ integral invariants; PoincarĚŠ-Birkhoff and KAM theorems; invariant curves and cantori; nonlinear resonances; resonance overlap and transition to chaos; properties of chaotic motion. Ideas will be illustrated and supported with physical examples. We will make extensive use of computing to capture methods, for simulation, and for symbolic analysis."

" This seminar examines the history and legacy of the Cold War …

" This seminar examines the history and legacy of the Cold War on American science. It explores scientist's new political roles after World War II, ranging from elite policy makers in the nuclear age to victims of domestic anti Communism. It also examines the changing institutions in which the physical sciences and social sciences were conducted during the postwar decades, investigating possible epistemic effects on forms of knowledge. The subject closes by considering the place of science in the post-Cold War era."

This introductory, algebra-based, two-semester college physics book is grounded with real-world examples, …

This introductory, algebra-based, two-semester college physics book is grounded with real-world examples, illustrations, and explanations to help students grasp key, fundamental physics concepts. This online, fully editable and customizable title includes learning objectives, concept questions, links to labs and simulations, and ample practice opportunities to solve traditional physics application problems.

Accessible presentation files created for the College Physics 2 - Intellus Open …

Accessible presentation files created for the College Physics 2 - Intellus Open Course. Intellus Open Courses are curated by academic subject-matter experts in partnership with Macmillan Learning’s editorial teams. Licensed under CC-BY: https://go.intelluslearning.com/attribution

College Physics for AP Courses is designed to engage students in their …

College Physics for AP Courses is designed to engage students in their exploration of physics and help them to relate what they learn in the classroom to their lives and to apply these concepts to the Advanced Placement test. Physics underlies much of what is happening today in other sciences and in technology, therefore the book includes interesting facts and ideas that go beyond the scope of the AP course to further student understanding. The AP Connection in each chapter directs students to the material they should focus on for the AP® exam, and what content — although interesting — is not necessarily part of the AP curriculum.

The course begins with the basics of compressible fluid dynamics, including governing …

The course begins with the basics of compressible fluid dynamics, including governing equations, thermodynamic context and characteristic parameters. The next large block of lectures covers quasi-one-dimensional flow, followed by a discussion of disturbances and unsteady flows. The second half of the course comprises gas dynamic discontinuities, including shock waves and detonations, and concludes with another large block dealing with two-dimensional flows, both linear and non-linear.

For a semester-length course, all seven chapters can be covered. For a …

For a semester-length course, all seven chapters can be covered. For a shorter course, the book is designed so that chapters 1, 2, and 5 are the only ones that are required for continuity; any of the others can be included or omitted at the instructors discretion, with the only constraint being that chapter 6 requires chapter 4.

Thermal backgrounds in space. Cosmological principle and its consequences: Newtonian cosmology and …

Thermal backgrounds in space. Cosmological principle and its consequences: Newtonian cosmology and types of "universes"; survey of relativistic cosmology; horizons. Overview of evolution in cosmology; radiation and element synthesis; physical models of the "early stages." Formation of large-scale structure to variability of physical laws. First and last states. Some knowledge of relativity expected. 8.962 recommended though not required. This course provides an overview of astrophysical cosmology with emphasis on the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) radiation, galaxies and related phenomena at high redshift, and cosmic structure formation. Additional topics include cosmic inflation, nucleosynthesis and baryosynthesis, quasar (QSO) absorption lines, and gamma-ray bursts. Some background in general relativity is assumed.

" This course introduces principles and technologies for converting heat into electricity …

" This course introduces principles and technologies for converting heat into electricity via solid-state devices. The first part of the course discusses thermoelectric energy conversion and thermoelectric materials, thermionic energy conversion, and photovoltaics. The second part of the course discusses solar thermal technologies. Various solar heat collection systems will be reviewed, followed by an introduction to the principles of solar thermophotovoltaics and solar thermoelectrics. Spectral control techniques, which are critical for solar thermal systems, will be discussed."

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