A series of lectures delivered by Peter Millican to first-year philosophy students at the University of Oxford. The lectures comprise of the 8-week General Philosophy course, delivered to first year undergraduates. These lectures aim to provide a thorough introduction to many philosophical topics and to get students and others interested in thinking about key areas of philosophy. Taking a chronological view of the history of philosophy, each lecture is split into 3 or 4 sections which outline a particular philosophical problem and how different philosophers have attempted to resolve the issue. Individuals interested in the 'big' questions about life such as how we perceive the world, who we are in the world and whether we are free to act will find this series informative, comprehensive and accessible.
An introduction to the major issues and ideas developed throughout the history of philosophy.
The goal of this text is to present philosophy to newcomers as a living discipline with historical roots. While a few early chapters are historically organized, my goal in the historical chapters is to trace a developmental progression of thought that introduces basic philosophical methods and frames issues that remain relevant today. Later chapters are topically organized. These include philosophy of science and philosophy of mind, areas where philosophy has shown dramatic recent progress. This text concludes with four chapters on ethics, broadly construed. I cover traditional theories of right action in the third of these. Students are first invited first to think about what is good for themselves and their relationships in a chapter of love and happiness. Next a few meta-ethical issues are considered; namely, whether they are moral truths and if so what makes them so. The end of the ethics sequence addresses social justice, what it is for one’s community to be good. Our sphere of concern expands progressively through these chapters. Our inquiry recapitulates the course of development into moral maturity
This course introduces students to the major topics, problems, and methods of philosophy and surveys the writings of a number of major historical figures in the field. Several of the core areas of philosophy are explored, including metaphysics, epistemology, political philosophy, ethics, and the philosophy of religion. Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to: Identify and describe the major areas of philosophical inquiry, explain how those areas differ from and relate to one another, and place the views and arguments of major philosophical figures within those thematic categories; Use philosophical terminology correctly and consistently; Identify and describe the views of a number of major philosophers and articulate how these views are created in response to general philosophical problems or to the views of other philosophers; Explain the broad outlines of the history of philosophy as a framework that can be applied in more advanced courses; Identify strengths and weaknesses in the arguments philosophers have put forward for their views and formulate objections and counterarguments of your own invention; Apply critical thinking and reasoning skills in a wide range of career paths and courses of study. (Philosophy 101)
Table of Contents:
Chapter 1: External world skepticism
The problem of external world skepticism
Chapter 2: The problem of other minds
The problem of other minds
Chapter 3: The mind-body problem
The mind-body problem
Chapter 4: Personal identity
Chapter 5: The problem of free will and determinism
The problem of free will and determinism
Free will supplement: Quantum indeterminacy and the Libet experiments
Free will supplement: Libertarianism and dualism
Chapter 6: Philosophy of religion
Philosophy of Religion
Chapter 7: The ethics of belief
Pragmatic arguments and the ethics of belief
Chapter 8: Human well-being
Chapter 9: Post-modernism
What is Postmodernism?
Chapter 10: Property
The Nature of Property
Chapter 11: Capitalism, Communism, & Bernie Sanders
Capitalism, Communism & Bernie Sanders
Chapter 12: Buddhism
Dhamma: What the Buddha Taught
Chapter 13: Aesthetics
Issues in Aesthetics: How to Judge Art?
Introduction to Philosophy: Philosophy of Mind surveys the central themes in philosophy of mind and places them in a historical and contemporary context intended to engage first-time readers in the field. It focuses on debates about the status and character of the mind and its seemingly subjective nature in an apparently more objective world. Join the discussion for this and other books in the Introduction to Philosophy open textbook series!
1. Substance Dualism in Descartes
2. Materialism and Behaviorism
4. Property Dualism
5. Qualia and Raw Feels
7. Concepts and Content
8. Freedom of the Will
This is a textbook (or better, a workbook) in modern philosophy. It combines readings from primary sources with two pedagogical tools. Paragraphs in italics introduce figures and texts. Numbered study questions (also in italics) ask students to reconstruct an argument or position from the text, or draw connections among the readings. And I have added an introductory chapter (Chapter 0 Minilogic and Glossary), designed to present the basic tools of philosophy and sketch some principles and positions. The immediate goal is to encourage students to grapple with the ideas rather than passing their eyes over the texts. This makes for a better classroom experience and permits higher-level discussions. Another goal is to encourage collaboration among instructors, as they revise and post their own versions of the book.
Table of Contents:
Module 1: Plato “The Republic”
Module 3: Aristotle
Physics Book 2 (part 1)
Metaphysics Book 2 (part 1, 2, 7, 8, 9)
Nichomachean Ethics Book 2 (part 6, 7, 8, 9)
Module 4: Religion
Module 5 Descartes
Module 6: Locke & Rousseau
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
The Social Contract
Module 7: Kant & Nietzsche
Nietzsche: The Anti-Christ
Module 8: Mill & MLK
Mill “On Liberty”
Letter from Birmingham Jail
Words of Wisdom can come from anyone. In this text we discuss topics ranging from "Are Humans good by nature?" to "Is there a God?" to "Do I have the right to my own opinion?" Philosophy is the study of wisdom, and can emerge in our conversations in places like social media, in school, around the family dinner table, and even in the car. The text uses materials that are 2,500 years old, and materials that were in the news this year. Wise people come in all shapes and types, and from every culture on earth. We have poetry and folktales, sacred writings and letters. Dialogues and interviews, news columns, podcasts, Ted Talks, You Tube recordings and even comedy are all a part of the content in this text.You will be most successful using this collection this on line.