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Abomasum - Anatomy & Physiology
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The abomasum is the fourth chamber in the ruminant. It functions similarly to the carnivore stomach as it is glandular and digests food chemically, rather than mechanically or by fermentation like the other 3 chambers of the ruminant stomach.

Subject:
Natural Science
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
WikiVet
Provider Set:
Anatomy & Physiology
Date Added:
12/27/2018
Acoustics of Speech and Hearing, Fall 2004
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Provides acoustical background necessary to understand the role of sound in speech communication. Analyzes constraints imposed by the properties of sound and human anatomy on speech production (sound production from airflow and filtering by the vocal tract); auditory physiology (transformation of acoustical waves in the air to mechanical vibrations of cochlear structures); and sound perception (spatial hearing, masking, and auditory frequency selectivity). The Acoustics of Speech and Hearing is an H-Level graduate course that reviews the physical processes involved in the production, propagation and reception of human speech. Particular attention is paid to how the acoustics and mechanics of the speech and auditory system define what sounds we are capable of producing and what sounds we can sense. Areas of discussion include: 1. the acoustic cues used in determining the direction of a sound source, 2. the acoustic and mechanical mechanisms involved in speech production and 3. the acoustic and mechanical mechanism used to transduce and analyze sounds in the ear

Subject:
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Braida, Louis
Date Added:
01/01/2004
Active Transport - Physiology
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Active transport is reliant on carrier proteins and thus follows the same rules as facilitated diffusion in that they are specific have a maximum rate and are subject to competition. Crucially they transport substances against their concentration gradient and so require energy to work.

Subject:
Natural Science
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
WikiVet
Provider Set:
Anatomy & Physiology
Date Added:
12/27/2018
Advanced Seminar in Geology and Geochemistry: Organic Geochemistry, Fall 2005
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12.491 is a seminar focusing on problems of current interest in geology and geochemistry. For Fall 2005, the topic is organic geochemistry. Lectures and readings cover recent research in the development and properties of organic matter.

Subject:
Anatomy/Physiology
Atmospheric Science
Chemistry
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Summons, Roger
Date Added:
01/01/2005
Aldosterone
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Aldosterone is a steroid hormone which is secreted from the zona glomerulosa of the adrenal gland. It has a mineralocorticoid activity and is the most important regulator of plasma potassium. When plasma potassium increases, increased stimulation of aldosterone occurs directly and also as a result of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System (RAAS). Aldosterone is also the most important regulator of sodium excretion.

Subject:
Natural Science
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
WikiVet
Provider Set:
Anatomy & Physiology
Date Added:
12/27/2018
Alimentary System - Horse Anatomy
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The horse is a monogastric hindgut fermenter. The horse evolved for grazing and it does so for up to 17 hours a day. A high proportion of the horse's dietary carbohydrate is in the form of starch. A mature horse eats 2-2.5% of it's body weight in dry matter every day, 1.5-1.75% of this should be fibre (hay/haylage). This is to prevent a rapid drop in pH in the large intestine and also to stimulate peristalsis in the gut and prevent build up of gas.

Subject:
Natural Science
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
WikiVet
Provider Set:
Anatomy & Physiology
Date Added:
12/27/2018
Anatomy & Physiology
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You probably have a general understanding of how your body works. But do you fully comprehend how all of the intricate functions and systems of the human body work together to keep you healthy? This course will provide that insight. By approaching the study of the body in an organized way, you will be able to connect what you learn about anatomy and physiology to what you already know about your own body.

By taking this course, you will begin to think and speak in the language of the domain while integrating the knowledge you gain about anatomy to support explanations of physiological phenomenon. The course focuses on a few themes that, when taken together, provide a full view of what the human body is capable of and of the exciting processes going on inside of it.

Topics covered include: Structure and Function, Homeostasis, Levels of Organization, and Integration of Systems.

Note: This free course requires registration

Subject:
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Assessment
Diagram/Illustration
Interactive
Reading
Provider:
Carnegie Mellon University
Provider Set:
Open Learning Initiative
Date Added:
11/12/2019
Anatomy & Physiology I Course Collection
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The information shared within this website was carefully curated and designed to promote quality online teaching and learning experiences for Anatomy and Physiology I faculty and students within the University of North Carolina System.

STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES (SLOS):
Apply proper anatomical language to describe structure and function of body parts and organs of the human body.
Explain and apply the concept of homeostasis and describe homeostatic mechanisms.
Differentiate macro and micro anatomical structures.
Apply practical laboratory skills to solve physiological problems.

MODULES:
Module 1 - Body Plan & Organization
Module 2 - Histology
Module 3 - Integumentary System
Module 4 - Skeletal System
Module 5 - Joints and Articulations
Module 6 - Muscular System
Module 7 - Organization of Nervous Tissue
Module 8 - Central Nervous System
Module 9 - Peripheral Nervous System
Module 10 - Special Senses
Module 11 - Cardiovascular System - Heart

Subject:
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Full Course
Author:
UNC System Digital Course Enhancement Initiative
University of North Carolina System
Date Added:
04/16/2021
Anatomy Quizbook
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An interactive web book for any device is available here

The Anatomy Quizbook is a series of carefully selected questions addressing core learning in clinically relevant anatomy. It provides the opportunity for both pre-med and medical students to improve their knowledge of anatomy, as well as their performance in tests and examinations.

The form of self-testing presented in the Anatomy Quizbook has many benefits: it is proven to aid retention (Lieberman 2012), it is a very useful method to apply at regular intervals to ensure robust knowledge, and it is extremely beneficial in determining what is known before rather than after a test or exam.

Bearing in mind that it is neither necessary nor advisable to learn everything there is to know about anatomy, it is intended that the Anatomy Quizbook be used in conjunction with a comprehensive anatomy textbook such as Clinically Oriented Anatomy (Moore et al, 2014) or Gray’s Anatomy for Students (Drake et al, 2015). And whilst the Anatomy Quizbook is intended primarily for students, tutors may also find this a very useful teaching resource.

Subject:
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Textbook
Author:
Kerry G. Baker
Date Added:
10/14/2021
Anatomy and Physiology
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Anatomy and Physiology is a dynamic textbook for the two-semester human anatomy and physiology course for life science and allied health majors. The book is organized by body system and covers standard scope and sequence requirements. Its lucid text, strategically constructed art, career features, and links to external learning tools address the critical teaching and learning challenges in the course. The web-based version of Anatomy and Physiology also features links to surgical videos, histology, and interactive diagrams.

Subject:
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Rice University
Provider Set:
OpenStax College
Author:
Brandon Poe
Dean H. Kruse
Eddie Johnson
James A. Wise
J. Gordon Betts
Jody E. Johnson
Kelly A. Young
Mark Womble
Oksana Korol
Peter DeSaix
Date Added:
03/06/2013
Anatomy and Physiology I
Read the Fine Print
Educational Use
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Includes the study of the gross and microscopic structure of the systems of the human body with special emphasis on the relationship between structure and function. Integrates anatomy and physiology of cells, tissues, organs, the systems of the human body, and mechanisms responsible for homeostasis.

Subject:
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
Lumen Learning
Provider Set:
Candela Courseware
Date Added:
04/25/2019
Anatomy and Physiology II
Read the Fine Print
Educational Use
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Includes sections on the Endocrine System, the Cardiovascular System, the Lymphatic and Immune System, the Respiratory System, the Digestive System, Nutrition, the Urinary System, the Reproductive System, and Development and Inheritance.

Subject:
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
Lumen Learning
Provider Set:
Candela Courseware
Date Added:
04/25/2019
Anatomy and Physiology I & II (GHC)
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This Open Course is an adaptation of OpenStax Anatomy and Physiology and was created under a Round Nine ALG Textbook Transformation Grant.

Topics covered include:

Chemical Organization
Cellular Organization
Tissue Organization
Integumentary System
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Nervous System
Endocrine System
Cardiovascular System
Lymphatic System
Respiratory System
Digestive System
Reproductive System

Subject:
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
University System of Georgia
Provider Set:
Galileo Open Learning Materials
Date Added:
06/20/2018
Anatomy and Physiology I Lab Manual
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This lab manual was created for Anatomy and Physiology I at the University of Georgia under a Textbook Transformation Grant and revised through a Scaling Up OER Pilot Grant.

The manual contains labs on cells, histology, the integumentary system, the skeletal system, the nervous system, muscles, and the senses.

Subject:
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Reading
Syllabus
Author:
Daniel McNabney
DeLoris Hesse
Date Added:
01/23/2020
Anatomy and Physiology Video Set (GHC)
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This set of anatomy videos illustrating parts of the human body was created under a Round Eleven Mini-Grant for Ancillary Materials Creation.

Topics include:

Axial Skeleton
Appendicular Skeleton
Muscles
Nervous System
Anatomy of the Senses

Subject:
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
University System of Georgia
Provider Set:
Galileo Open Learning Materials
Author:
Jason Christian
Veronica Morin
Date Added:
06/21/2018
Anatomy and Physiology YouTube Channel
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Short, animated videos on many Anatomy and Physiology topics. Videos used in college courses and cover the content presented in the first 2 semesters of Anatomy and Physiology for Nursing/Allied Health students.

Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Anatomy/Physiology
Biology
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Author:
Dr. Bruce Forciea
Date Added:
04/04/2019
Anatomy and Physiology of Animals
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Veterinary nurses need to have a firm grasp of the normal structure of an animal’s body and how it functions before they can understand the effect diseases and injuries have and the best ways to treat them. This book describes the structure of the animal body and the way in which it works. Animals encountered in normal veterinary practice are used as examples where possible.

Reviews and PDF version available here: https://open.umn.edu/opentextbooks/textbooks/anatomy-and-physiology-of-animals

Subject:
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Wikibooks
Author:
Ruth Lawson
Date Added:
04/04/2019
Anus - Anatomy & Physiology
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The anus is the terminal portion of the alimentary tract which communicates with the external environment. Two sphincters control it's aperture. It allows faeces and gas to leave the body. Defeacation is the process where faeces are expelled from the rectum through the anus.

Subject:
Natural Science
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
WikiVet
Provider Set:
Anatomy & Physiology
Date Added:
12/27/2018
Aortic Arches - Anatomy & Physiology
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After emerging from the heart, the aortic artery divides into the right and left dorsal branches. Each branch feeds into a set of arches which are unique to the embryo. Most higher vertebrates have have 6 pairs of aortic arches. In the mammal the 5th pair do not form. These arches evolve to form some of the structures of the mammalian circulation. The fate of each arch varies.

Subject:
Natural Science
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
WikiVet
Provider Set:
Anatomy & Physiology
Date Added:
12/27/2018
Archery, Spring 2006
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This 12 session course is designed for the beginning or novice archer and uses recurve indoor target bows and equipment. The purpose of the course is to introduce students to the basic techniques of indoor target archery emphasizing the care and use of equipment, range safety, stance and shooting techniques, scoring and competition.

Subject:
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Silva, Cheryl
Date Added:
01/01/2006
Arteries of the Hindlimb - Anatomy & Physiology
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Although the information on this page is based around the anatomy of the canine hindlimb, it is essentially the anatomy of the arteries in domestic species. Any major differences will be discussed on their respective pages

Subject:
Natural Science
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
WikiVet
Provider Set:
Anatomy & Physiology
Date Added:
12/27/2018
Atlas of Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
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The Atlas of Comparative Anatomy began as a class project at SUNY Oneonta in 2017 because of the lack of a comprehensive freely-accessible photographic atlas. The majority of entries in this atlas were produced by students including dissection, photography, and identification. It is a work in progress, but we hope that students of anatomy find this a useful tool for studying anatomy outside of the lab.

The authors are interested in learning who adopts this tool for their course. If you do, please email Dr. Kristen Roosa at Kristen.Roosa@oneonta.edu.

PDF version available: https://dspace.sunyconnect.suny.edu/handle/1951/71276

Subject:
Anatomy/Physiology
Veterinary Science
Material Type:
Full Course
Author:
Kristen Roosa
Date Added:
03/25/2021
Autonomic Nervous System - Anatomy & Physiology
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The peripheral nervous system found in most domestic species can be segregated into three sub-systems; the sensory system, the somatic motor system and the autonomic system. The autonomic nervous system (ANS) regulates the internal environment of the body including factors such as body temperature, blood pressure and concentrations of many substances. The ANS is also responsible for mobilising the body's resources during stressful situations. The ANS controls gland cells, cardiac muscle cells and smooth muscle cells. Control of this nervous system is involuntary and regulation is via autonomic reflexes. The autonomic reflex arc system is very similar to that of the somatic motor system, i.e. there are sensory (afferent) nerve fibres, an information integration centre, motor (efferent) fibres and effector cells. Any levels of increased activity within the autonomic nervous system can result in both stimulation or inhibition of effector cells, although it is only the efferent part of the reflex arc that is actually considered autonomic.

Subject:
Natural Science
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
WikiVet
Provider Set:
Anatomy & Physiology
Date Added:
12/27/2018
Avian Intestines - Anatomy & Physiology
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The intestines occupy the caudal part of the body. They contact the reproductive organs and the gizzard. The small intestine is long and relatively uniform in shape and size. There is no demarcation between the jejunum and the ileum.

Subject:
Natural Science
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
WikiVet
Provider Set:
Anatomy & Physiology
Date Added:
12/27/2018
BIOL 242 – Human Anatomy and Physiology 2
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BIOL 242 – Human Anatomy and Physiology II

Human Anatomy and Physiology (A&P) 242 is the second class in a two quarter sequence in which human anatomy and physiology are studied using a body systems approach with emphasis on the interrelationships between form and function at the gross and microscopic levels of organization. You can think of this course as “An Owner’s Guide to the Human Body”. My goal is to help you learn how your body works so that you can explain concepts to others and apply knowledge to novel situations (e.g. make informed decisions regarding your own health and those whom you care about). You’ll also learn how to evaluate scientific research that forms the basis of our understanding of human anatomy and physiology and gain an appreciation for what remains to be discovered. To accomplish these goals requires significant effort from both of us. Although you will need to commit information to memory, I will ask you to focus on learning for understanding and your assessments will reflect this emphasis.

ANP 242 topics include: nervous system structure and physiology; special senses; endocrine system, reproductive system; digestive system; metabolism; urinary system; fluid and electrolyte balance; and, unifying themes of homeostasis, health and disease.

You will also gain experience problem solving, interpreting data, communicating verbally and in writing with others, developing information literacy skills, using technology and exploring how your knowledge of anatomy and physiology can be applied to real world health challenges. This course is designed to build the core knowledge and skills needed to succeed in a world that demands flexibility and continuous learning and to prepare you for advanced study of anatomy, physiology and clinically-related subjects.

Subject:
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Full Course
Author:
Anna Davis
Cat Pittack
Deb Ocken
Janet Bester-Meredith; Samantha Morefield
John Moffat
Lori Hays
Mary Pat Wenderoth
Richard Olivo
Wendy Rockhill
Date Added:
11/30/2020
BIOL 250 Human Anatomy Lab Manual
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Lab 1: Overview & The Microscope
Lab 2: Cytology
Lab 3: Histology
Lab 4: The Integumentary System
Lab 5: The Axial Skeleton
Lab 6: The Appendicular Skeleton
Lab 7: Joints
Lab 8: The Axial Muscles
Lab 9: The Appendicular Muscles
Lab 10: Nervous Tissue
Lab 11: The Central Nervous System (Brain)
Lab 12: Cranial and Spinal Nerves
Lab 13: The Somatic Nervous System (Special Senses)
Lab 14: The Endocrine System
Lab 15: Blood
Lab 16: The Heart
Lab 17: Blood Vessels and Circulation
Lab 18: The Lymphatic System
Lab 19: The Respiratory System
Lab 20: The Digestive System
Lab 21: The Urinary System
Lab 22: The Reproductive System (Male)
Lab 23: The Reproductive System (Female)

Subject:
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Textbook
Author:
Ame Maloney
John McDaniel
Kevin Chak
Yancy Aquino
Date Added:
06/17/2019
Bile Formation
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Bile formation is an osmotic secretory process that is driven by the active concentration of bile salts in the bile canaliculi. Bile acids are produced from cholesterol and prior to being excreted from hepatocytes are bound to specific amino acids allowing them to exist as bile salts. One side of the bile salt molecule is negatively charged (hydrophilic) whilst the other is hydrophobic allowing bile salts to form micelles once a certain bile salt concentration has been reached.

Subject:
Natural Science
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
WikiVet
Provider Set:
Anatomy & Physiology
Date Added:
12/27/2018
Blastocyst Embryonic Development - Anatomy & Physiology
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Once sperm has entered the the oocyte, an ootid is formed. During early stages the ootid will contain male and female pronuclei along with the first and second polar bodies. Fusion of the male and female pronuclei will result in a single diploid nucleus or syngamy. Once syngamy has occurred, the zona pellucida then develops into an imprenetrable layer that prevents polyspermy and so polyploidy. Once the zona pellucida has developed, the ootid is now referred to as a zygote (diploid) and will begin undergoing mitotic divisions via a cleavage process that will begin to give rise to daughter cells called blastomeres. These cleavage divisions will begin to produce a 4-celled embryo and then an 8-celled embryo.

Subject:
Natural Science
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
WikiVet
Provider Set:
Anatomy & Physiology
Date Added:
12/27/2018
Blood Brain Barrier - Anatomy & Physiology
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The Blood Brain Barrier refers to the mechanisms in place around the microvasculature of the brain to ensure optimal neural functioning. Endothelial cells are the structural basis of the blood brain barrier and are joined by tight cellular junctions formed by the transmembrane proteins the occludins and the claudins.

Subject:
Natural Science
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
WikiVet
Provider Set:
Anatomy & Physiology
Date Added:
12/27/2018
Blood Pressure
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This page has links to many topics centered around blood pressure: blood pressure measurement, physiology, kidney control of blood pressure, renal blood pressure, and the renin angiotensin aldosterine system

Subject:
Natural Science
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
WikiVet
Provider Set:
Anatomy & Physiology
Date Added:
12/27/2018
Bone & Cartilage Development - Anatomy & Physiology
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Osteogenesis is the formation of bone. Bone forms from one of three lineages; the skull forms from the neural crest; the limb skeleton forms from the lateral plate mesoderm; and the axial skeleton forms from the paraxial mesoderm (sclerotome).

Subject:
Natural Science
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
WikiVet
Provider Set:
Anatomy & Physiology
Date Added:
12/27/2018
Brain Structure and Its Origins, Spring 2014
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This course provides an outline of vertebrate functional neuroanatomy, aided by studies of comparative neuroanatomy and evolution, and by studies of brain development. Topics include early steps to a central nervous system, basic patterns of brain and spinal cord connections, regional development and differentiation, regeneration, motor and sensory pathways and structures, systems underlying motivations, innate action patterns, formation of habits, and various cognitive functions. In addition, lab techniques are reviewed and students perform brain dissections.

Subject:
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Schneider, Gerald
Date Added:
01/01/2009
Bronchi and Bronchioles - Anatomy & Physiology
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The trachea bifurcates at the levels of the 4th-6th intercostal space, approximately halfway between the thoracic inlet and the diaphragm. It divides into two principle bronchi, tubes which conduct air into the lungs, and they divide into two lobar bronchi for the left lung, and into four lobar bronchi for the right lung. These further divide into smaller bronchi and bronchioles within the lung tissue.

Subject:
Natural Science
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
WikiVet
Provider Set:
Anatomy & Physiology
Date Added:
12/27/2018
Bursa of Fabricius
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The Bursa of Fabricus is a primary lymphoid organ found in birds. The bursa was the first place that a certain subset of lymphocytes was observed and consequently they were named B lymphocytes (bursa of Fabricius or bursa equivalent organs). The bursa is involved in the differentiation of B lymphocytes.

Subject:
Natural Science
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
WikiVet
Provider Set:
Anatomy & Physiology
Date Added:
12/27/2018