Applied Science
Material Type:
Rice University
Provider Set:
OpenStax College
Analogous Trait, Analogy, Basal Taxon, Binomial Nomenclature, Branch Point, CLASS, Carl Linnaeus, Clade, Cladistic Method, Cladistics, Classification Levels, Classification System, Domain, Eukaryote Evolution, Eukaryote HGT, Eukaryote-first Hypothesis, Evolution, Evolutionary Relationships, Family, GTA, Gene Transfer Agent, Genome Fusion, Genus, HGT, Homologous Trait, Homoplasy, Horizontal Gene Transfer, James Lake, Kingdom, Lateral Gene Transfer, Linnaean System, Maximum Parsimony, Mitochondria-first Hypothesis, Molecular Comparison, Molecular Systematics, Network Model, Order, Phylogenetic Model, Phylogenetic Tree, Phylogeny, Phylum, Polytomy, Prokaryote HGT, Prokaryote-first Hypothesis, Ring Model, Ring of Life, Rooted, Shared Ancestral Character, Shared Characteristic, Shared Derived Character, Sister Taxa, Species, Systematics, Taxon, Taxonomy, Tree of Life, Web Model, Web of Life


 Photo shows a bee collecting nectar from a flower.
A bee's life is very different from a flower's, but the two organisms are related. Both are members of the domain Eukarya and have cells containing many similar organelles, genes, and proteins. (credit: modification of work by John Beetham)

This bee and Echinacea flower (Figure) could not look more different, yet they are related, as are all living organisms on Earth. By following pathways of similarities and changes—both visible and genetic—scientists seek to map the evolutionary past of how life developed from single-celled organisms to the tremendous collection of creatures that have germinated, crawled, floated, swum, flown, and walked on this planet.