Eukaryotic Cells

Review Questions

Which of the following is surrounded by two phospholipid bilayers?

  1. the ribosomes
  2. the vesicles
  3. the cytoplasm
  4. the nucleoplasm

Hint:

D

Peroxisomes got their name because hydrogen peroxide is:

  1. used in their detoxification reactions
  2. produced during their oxidation reactions
  3. incorporated into their membranes
  4. a cofactor for the organelles’ enzymes

Hint:

B

In plant cells, the function of the lysosomes is carried out by __________.

  1. vacuoles
  2. peroxisomes
  3. ribosomes
  4. nuclei

Hint:

A

Which of the following is both in eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells?

  1. nucleus
  2. mitochondrion
  3. vacuole
  4. ribosomes

Hint:

D

Tay-Sachs disease is a genetic disorder that results in the destruction of neurons due to a buildup of sphingolipids in the cells. Which organelle is malfunctioning in Tay-Sachs?

  1. lysosome
  2. endoplasmic reticulum
  3. peroxisome
  4. mitochondria

Hint:

A