Competitive Federalism Today

Which statement about immigration federalism is false?

  1. The Arizona v. United States decision struck down all Arizona’s most restrictive provisions on illegal immigration.
  2. Since the 1990s, states have increasingly moved into the policy domain of immigration.
  3. Federal immigration laws trump state laws.
  4. States’ involvement in immigration is partly due to their interest in preventing illegal immigrants from accessing public services such as education and welfare benefits.



Which statement about the evolution of same-sex marriage is false?

  1. The federal government became involved in this issue when it passed DOMA.
  2. In the 1990s and 2000s, the number of state restrictions on same-sex marriage increased.
  3. United States v. Windsor legalized same-sex marriage in the United States.
  4. More than half the states had legalized same-sex marriage by the time the Supreme Court made same-sex marriage legal nationwide in 2015.

Which statement about venue shopping is true?

  1. MADD steered the drinking age issue from the federal government down to the states.
  2. Anti-abortion advocates have steered the abortion issue from the states up to the federal government.
  3. Both MADD and anti-abortion proponents redirected their advocacy from the states to the federal government.
  4. None of the statements are correct.



What does venue shopping mean?