Intergovernmental Relationships

Which statement about federal grants in recent decades is most accurate?

  1. The federal government allocates the most grant money to income security.
  2. The amount of federal grant money going to states has steadily increased since the 1960s.
  3. The majority of federal grants are block grants.
  4. Block grants tend to gain more flexibility over time.

Which statement about unfunded mandates is false?

  1. The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act has prevented Congress from using unfunded mandates.
  2. The Clean Air Act is a type of federal partial preemptive regulation.
  3. Title VI of the Civil Rights Act establishes crosscutting requirements.
  4. New federalism does not promote the use of unfunded mandates.



What does it mean to refer to the carrot of grants and the stick of mandates?